Innovations in U.S. Oil Drilling Industry

Natural gas wells and oil has traditionally been drilled in vertical manners at depths that have ranged from thousands of feet to as much as five miles deep. Today, the advancements of the drilling technology enable natural gas and oil companies to reach a greater amount of reserves while simultaneously reducing the negative environmental impacts by: reducing the “footprint” or detrimental effects of specific drilling operations, drilling holes smaller in size while generating wastes on a lower level, create less levels of noise, avoiding sensitive environments and ecosystems and completing operations in expedited manners.

Here are some commonly used technologies:

Horizontal Drilling
Drilling horizontally begins with a vertically structured well that turns into a horizontal position within the rock reservoir to expose more of an open hole to the areas of oil. The horizontal legs can be over 1 mile long in distance in which the longer the length of exposure, the more natural gas and oil is alleviated and drained, resulting in a faster rate of flow. More natural gas and oil may be produced with less surface disturbance and fewer wells. This technology can only be implemented in specific locations. A successful company that engages in horizontal drilling is Cunningham Energy, located in West Virginia. Cunningham Energy is a viable option for clients looking for a dependable and well-renowned energy provider.

Multilateral Drilling
Sometimes natural gas and oil reserves are situated in separate underground layers. Drilling in multilateral ways allows producers to have the capabilities of branching out from main well structures to tap reserves at different depth levels. This technology increases production rates at drastic levels from a single well by reducing the number of wells that undergo drilling onto the surface.

Extended Reach Drilling
Extended reach drills enable producers to reach certain deposits that are great distant lengths away from the initial drilling rigs. This can assist producers in tapping natural gasses and oil deposits underneath surface areas where vertical wells may not have the abilities of being drilled, such as areas that are environmentally sensitive or underdeveloped.

Wells now have the capabilities of reaching out over 5 miles from the location of the surface. The use of extended reach drilling activities in an offshore venue allows producers to effectively reach accumulations at great distances from platforms situated in offshore settings, thus minimizing the amount of platforms needed for the production of gas and oil. In an onshore setting, dozens of well structures may be drilled from single locations, therefore, reducing the impacts on surfaces.

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